7 Bull Terrier Health Issues to Look Out For (Vet Answer)

Bull Terriers are medium-sized, muscular, strong, and fast dogs. They are considered a tough, brave, bold, and lively breed. As cute as they are, though, they can also be irritable, stubborn, noisy, and independent.

This breed can become possessive with their food and toys if they are not well socialized, even reacting aggressively. That said, they are generally friendly with people, especially children, if they have been socialized from a young age.

Bull Terriers are generally healthy, but like any other breed, they can have certain health problems.


The 7 Main Bull Terrier Health Issues

1. Hereditary Nephritis

Hereditary nephritis is an inherited disease that causes kidney failure at varying ages (especially in puppyhood) in Bull Terriers. The disease is characterized by the existence of small and underdeveloped kidneys, but it can also occur due to a malformation at the level of kidney filtration.

Clinical signs of hereditary nephritis may include:
  • Hematuria (blood in urine)

  • Poor appetite

  • Vomiting

  • Weight loss

  • Excessive thirst and urination

  • Lethargy

  • Protein in the urine

  • Anemia

Hereditary nephritis has no cure, and Bull Terriers suffering from this condition usually die before they reach the age of 3. However, there are individuals that manage to live up to 6–8 years before developing kidney failure.

Hereditary nephritis of Bull Terriers is similar and represents a model for the autosomal dominant Alport syndrome in humans.

gray and white Pit Bull Terrier mixed breed dog drooling
Image Credit: Mary Swift, Shutterstock

2. Renal Dysplasia

Renal dysplasia, or progressive juvenile nephropathy, is a condition that can affect one or both kidneys in young Bull Terriers. Specifically, nephrons develop abnormally inside the kidneys. The nephron is the structural and functional unit of the kidney. The severity of the condition depends on how many nephrons developed abnormally. The condition can be hereditary (genetic) or acquired, and the clinical signs occur when the dog is a puppy.

This disease often has no clinical signs until renal failure occurs. The initial signs include excessive thirst and excessive urination. As the disease progresses and the dog develops kidney failure, the following clinical signs may appear:

  • Vomiting

  • Low appetite

  • Weight loss

  • Lethargy

  • Muscle weakness

  • Diluted urine

  • Poor coat

  • Secondary urinary infections

Renal dysplasia has no cure and is potentially fatal.


3. Deafness

Deafness can affect both colored and white Bull Terriers and occur in one or both ears. Around 18% of white Bull Terriers are born deaf. It is recommended to avoid the reproduction of deaf animals, but there are always individuals that are simply born deaf.

Before adopting a Bull Terrier, make sure the breeder has done the BAER test at the age of 5 weeks. This is the only test that can determine deafness and its severity in Bull Terriers.

Clinical signs that suggest your dog is deaf include the following:
  • The puppy does not respond to sounds.

  • They do not react when called.

  • They have difficulties with auditory cues.

Deafness has no cure, though quality-of-life treatments are available.

Portrait of white American pitbull terrier in outdoors in autumn forest
Image Credit: stockfoto, Shutterstock

4. Heart Disease

Common heart diseases in Bull Terriers are aortic stenosis and mitral valve dysplasia.

Aortic Stenosis

Aortic stenosis is a common congenital heart defect in dogs. This condition is manifested by the narrowing of the aorta, the main vessel that carries blood from the heart to the entire body. In aortic stenosis, the blood that flows from the heart to the body is reduced.

Clinical signs vary depending on the degree of stenosis, the age of the dog, and changes in cardiac function. In severe forms, clinical signs of cardiac stenosis can be seen from the age of 5–6 months. Conversely, moderate forms can be tolerated for several years.

The clinical signs are generally those of left heart failure and include fatigue on exertion, syncope (fainting), coughing, difficulty breathing, etc. Subtle death may also occur.

The disease has no cure, but you can help your dog by limiting their exercise. In severe cases, medication may be needed.

Mitral Valve Dysplasia

Mitral valve dysplasia is a congenital malformation of the mitral valve. Clinical signs appear in young dogs (1–2 years) but can also develop later in life (over 8 years). Clinical signs are non-specific and include:

  • Exercise intolerance

  • Generalized weakness

  • Syncope

  • Accumulation of fluid in the abdomen (ascites)

  • Pale mucous membranes

  • Coughing (in some cases)

Treatment includes exercise restriction and medication. However, life expectancy can be 1–3 years, depending on the severity of the condition.

5. Obesity

For a dog to be declared obese, their weight must be 30% above the ideal weight for their breed. As in the case of any breed of dog, obesity in Bull Terriers can result from feeding them too much food, health problems, or lack of physical exercise.

Obesity must be treated as a dangerous condition because it can cause many problems for your four-legged friend, including diabetes, joint disease, and heart disease. If your dog is obese, talk to your veterinarian to determine the cause and prescribe the proper treatment.

Staffordshire Bull Terrier_Mary Swift_Shutterstock
Image Credit: Mary Swift, Shutterstock

6. Elbow Dysplasia

The elbow joint consists of the humeroulnar joint, the humeroradial joint, and the radio-ulnar joint. If these bones do not fit perfectly, elbow dysplasia occurs.

Elbow dysplasia is one of the most common causes of pain and lameness in the forelimbs. This condition can appear in one or both elbows. It is a mostly hereditary condition, and the first signs occur at a young age (4–10 months).

Clinical signs include:
  • Reduced range of motion

  • Lameness, especially in mature dogs

  • Intermittent lameness, which appears and disappears and is aggravated by physical exercises and observed after the dog rests

  • Pain when extending or flexing the elbow

  • Holding the affected limb away from the body

  • Fluid accumulation in the joint

The treatment can be surgical and therapeutic. Affected dogs can lead long and happy lives.

7. Eye Problems

A common eye problem in Bull Terriers is cataracts. The most common clinical sign is opacification of the lens, which gives the eyes a cloudy appearance. Other clinical signs include:

  • Affected dogs often hit surrounding objects.

  • They get scared more easily.

  • They no longer appreciate distances well.

To fix the problem, the veterinarian may recommend an eye lens replacement surgery, which will restore your dog’s sight.

White dog puppy American pit bull Terrier
Image Credit: OlesyaNickolaeva, Shutterstock

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Bull Terriers have an average lifespan of 11–14 years. Although this is generally a healthy breed, they can suffer from certain health problems, most of which are hereditary. Common health problems of Bull Terriers are cataracts, hereditary nephritis, renal dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, deafness, heart disease, or obesity. Specimens suffering from hereditary diseases should not be bred.

Featured Image Credit: Zanna Pesnina, Shutterstock

The post 7 Bull Terrier Health Issues to Look Out For (Vet Answer) appeared first on Pet Keen.

200+ Black & White Horse Names: Ideas for Your Equine Companion

When it comes to finding the perfect name for your black and white horse, the possibilities are endless. Still, finding an ideal name for your four-legged companion can often be tricky, especially if you lack inspiration.

How can you find a name for your black and white horse that reflects their distinctive coat?

In this article, we provide tips on how to name a black and white horse and list over 200 unique names that you can use for naming your stallion or mare.

Let’s dive in!


How to Name Your Black and White Horse

Searching for a perfect name for your black and white horse can be daunting, especially if you don’t know where to start. Fortunately, it’s not as hard as it seems.

Here’s a list of naming tips that should help:
  • Play with words that include the colors black and white to find an interesting name that will suit your horse.

  • Explore literature, popular culture, mythology, and similar sources to get inspiration for black and white horses and characters.

  • Look for creative ways to describe your horse’s personality and appearance—don’t be afraid to think outside the box!

  • Combine words with separate meanings, or consider nature concepts that inspire light and darkness to find the best name for your horse.

Popular Names for a Black and White Horse

Black and white horse in the grass
Image Credit: No-longer-here, Pixabay

Finding the perfect name for your black and white horse can often be challenging. If you’re looking for extra inspiration, check out this list of popular, creative, and meaningful names that you can use for naming your new friend.

  • Domino

  • Freckles

  • Tuxedo

  • Chester

  • Mystique

  • Moonstone

  • Harmony

  • Tango

  • Amadeus

  • Starlight

  • Blizzard

  • Mockingbird

  • Ash

  • Knight

  • Graphite

  • Gimmer

  • Quaver

  • Jeeves

  • Jigsaw

  • Ebony

  • Tux

  • Coal

  • Eclipse

  • Phantom

  • Pianist

  • Chalk

  • Onyx

  • Drift

  • Bingo

  • Smokey

  • Nova

  • Iron

  • Maestro

  • Retro

  • Chex

  • Spotlight

  • Galaxy

  • Equilibrium

  • Pebbles

  • Stormy

  • Mosaic

  • Casper

  • Blackfoot

  • Duo

  • Boggle

  • Diamond

  • Voodoo

  • Cloudy

  • Checkers

  • Luna

  • Snowflake

  • Midnight

  • Marble

  • Smudge

  • Tapir

  • Arkel

  • Hellebore

  • Zohan

  • Mirage

  • Blaze

  • Blackjack

  • Dotty

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Fun and Quirky Names for a Black and White Horse

If you have a black and white horse with a fun and quirky personality, you can think of an equally interesting name for them. Here is a list of unconventional names for your black-and-white buddy.

  • Barcode

  • Obsidian

  • White Lightning

  • Stormy Dazzle

  • Snowy Storm

  • Ace of Spades

  • Dice

  • Ivory Noir

  • Two Socks

  • Pixel

  • Midnight Shine

  • Shadow Hero

  • Sliver Zoe

  • Ivory Might

  • Raven Frost

  • Moonlight

  • Tuxedo Tones

  • Midnight Sun

  • Ivory Star

  • Raven Zoe

  • Ebony Mist

  • White Noir

  • Shadow Rush

  • Mustang

  • Shire

  • Soccer Ball

  • Patches

  • Starlight Comet

  • Snowy Sparkles

  • White Glitter

  • Shadow Shine

  • Jet Frost

  • Misty Onyx

  • Moo

  • Crystal Blaze

  • Misty Stardust

  • Zigzag

  • Storm Cloud

  • Eggshell Star

  • Black Widow

  • Raven Starfire

  • Alabaster Daisy

  • Big Dipper

  • Inkblot

  • Newspaper

  • Inky

  • Socks

  • Misty Moonbeam

  • Magpie

  • Magic

  • Magician

  • Mittens

  • Inkspot

  • Arion

  • Yin-Yang

  • Blizzard Nugget

Names for a Black and White Horse Based on Other Black and White Animals

Draft Horse_dendoktoor, Pixabay
Image Credit: dendoktoor, Pixabay

Animal lovers who own a black and white horse can use other black and white animals as an inspiration for finding the perfect name. Any of these names would be fun and interesting for a horse!

  • Lemur

  • Cow

  • Bear

  • Puffin

  • Holstein

  • Ermine

  • Zebra

  • Orca

  • Panda

  • Penguin

  • Skunk

  • Dalmatian

  • Badger

  • Tiger

  • Zorilla

  • Valais

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Names for a Black and White Horse Based on Popular Characters

If you’re a fan of black-and-white movies or like characters that fit into the black-and-white theme, consider using their names for your black-and-white horse. Here are a few of the most popular black-and-white characters that should get your creative juices flowing.

  • Chaplain

  • DeVille

  • Mickey

  • Othello

  • Aether

  • Chilly Willy

  • Salem

  • Minnie

  • Ansel Adams

  • Enbarr

  • Khan

  • Erebus

  • Pepe Le Pew

  • Pooka

  • Figaro

  • Bucephalus

  • Dracula

  • Skipper

  • Betty Boop

  • Goofy

  • Svadilfari

  • Thanatos

  • Ankou

  • Kelpie

  • Maverick

  • Rico

  • Kowalski

  • Private

  • Perdita

  • Pongo

  • Zorro

  • Hat Guy

  • Snoopy

Names for a Black and White Horse Based on Food and Beverages

National Spotted Saddle Horse
Image Credit: Just chaos, Wikimedia Commons

Food and beverage lovers can use their love of cuisine to come up with the perfect name for their black and white horse. You can find inspiration in many different foods, drinks, and sweets—check out our favorites!

  • Cappuccino

  • Chocolate Chip

  • Cookie

  • Licorice

  • Hot Chocolate

  • Beans

  • Frappe

  • Boba

  • Cocoa

  • Iced Mocha

  • Cookies ‘n’ Cream

  • Kit Kat

  • Latte

  • Chocolate Milk

  • Marshmallow

  • Oreo

  • Salt ‘n’ Pepper

  • Almond Joy

  • Moon Cookie

  • Sushi

  • Sprinkles

  • Hostess

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Names Based on Beautiful Black and White Places Around the Globe

This world is a stunning place filled with all kinds of beautiful regions. Some locations even have black and white vibes, which can be of great help when you’re looking to boost your creativity and come up with a unique name for your black and white horse.

  • Royal Library

  • Ilulissat Icefjord

  • Hotel Mono

  • Freudenberg

  • Duomo

  • Reynisfjara

  • Thorn

  • White Desert

  • Lost Coast

  • Oculus

  • Patagonia

  • Salar de Uyuni

Which Horse Breeds Come in Black and White?

black and white Miniature Horse
Image Credit: David Jia, Pexels

Although horses can come in all kinds of colors, black and white horses are not that common. The breeds that produce this color scheme can often be hard to find.

Here’s a list of horses that can come in a black-and-white pattern:
  • Appaloosa — These unique horses are native to America and can come in several color combinations, including black and white. Still, keep in mind that this combination in these horses is very rare.

  • American Mustang — These amazing free-roaming horses come in many color combinations, including black and white.

  • Gypsy Vanner — These rare horses look truly majestic, but they can be hard to find. They stand out from other horse breeds with their black and white coats and fluffy tails and feet.

  • Knabstrupper — These riding horses are not well-known, though they should be. They have beautiful black and white spotty coats.

  • American Paint Horse — These horses come in so many different color varieties—they can even be tricolor. This is an extremely versatile and durable horse breed that can be great for first-time horse owners.


Final Thoughts

Finding the perfect name for your black and white horse can often be challenging, but you can use your horse’s unique appearance and personality to come up with a stunning name that will reflect your majestic animal companion.

If you’re stuck on ideas, you can use one of the names listed here or just read them to get inspired for other names for your black and white buddy.

Feature Image Credit: OryPhotography, Shutterstock

The post 200+ Black & White Horse Names: Ideas for Your Equine Companion appeared first on Pet Keen.